The hardest and most mineralized tissue is the enamel that covers the teeth. There are different reasons why a person may have broken teeth. One reason is a traumatic blow, fall or crash. The impact caused by this incident can damage the tooth. Another is when a person is fond of biting down on something hard. The person may not notice that he or she is already chewing his or her own broken tooth. Factors that can also weaken teeth such as tooth decay and cavities can highly result in broken teeth. There are also certain foods that can damage teeth. The top nine foods that damage your teeth are hard candies, ice, citrus, coffee, dried fruit, potato chips, soda, alcohol, and sports drinks. Simply consult the dentist to know the treatment options for broken or chipped teeth.
There are three common ways to repair a broken or damaged tooth:
Root Canal Therapy
Dental Bonding is suggested to clients whose tooth is chipped, gapped, discolored, cracked, decayed and misshapen. A tooth-colored composite resin will be applied to the affected tooth. This type of composite has a high aesthetic value compared to amalgam fillings. After application, it will then molded and shaped accordingly. The dentist will use an ultraviolet light to harden the composite. When the tooth bonding has dried, it will be polished to match the rest of the tooth. No pain will be felt during the procedure. Anesthesia will be administered when this option is used for dental cavities. Composite bonding can last up to ten years if a tooth is properly cared for.
Root Canal Therapy is needed when the broken tooth is infected or prone to infection. The affected area is the pulp inside the tooth. When left alone for some time, the infection will spread thus worsening the decay of the tooth. Immediate treatment is necessary. First, the dentist will numb the tooth using local anesthesia. A dental dam will be placed to isolate the tooth. This keeps the tooth clean and dry throughout the procedure. Second, the dentist will use small tools like miniature drills. The drills are used in the top portion to create an opening to access the inside of the tooth. Small files will be used to remove the diseased pulp and shape the inner chamber of the tooth. The dentist may also irrigate the tooth to wash away the remaining pulp. An antibacterial solution is also used to kill remaining bacteria. Third, a rubber-like material called gutta-percha will be used to close the opening. Finally, a temporary filling will be placed while waiting for the dental crown. Despite rumors of this treatment being painful, modern techniques and technology made it more comfortable.
A dental crown is used to cover a damaged tooth. This is one of the treatment options a dentist may recommend for a weak, broken or decayed tooth. It is a type of dental restoration that completely encircles a dental implant or tooth. They are fixed prosthetic devices. They are stuck in a tooth, unlike dentures which can be removed. The kinds of dental crowns are Porcelain fused to Metal, Metal, All Resin or All Plastic crowns and All-Ceramic or All Porcelain Crowns.